Strong traffic growth continues in May
JULY 3, 2015: The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced global passenger traffic results for May showing strong demand growth compared to May 2014 for both domestic and international traffic. Total revenue passenger kilometers (RPKs) rose 6.9 percent, which was an improvement on the April year-over-year increase of 5.7 percent. May capacity (available seat kilometers or ASKs) increased by 6.5 percent, and load factor rose 0.3 percentage points to 79.3 percent. “May results confirm that demand for connectivity remains robust, but there are possible storm clouds forming on the horizon. The financial crisis in Greece and recent weakness in regional trade activity in Asia-Pacific have the potential to dampen performance in these markets in the coming months” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s Director General and CEO. May international passenger demand rose 7.1 percent compared to May 2014, with airlines in all regions except Africa recording growth. Total capacity climbed 6.7 percent, pushing load factor up 0.3 percentage points to 78.4 percent. Asia-Pacific airlines’ May traffic jumped 9.4 percent compared to the year-ago period. Capacity rose 6.8 percent and load factor climbed 1.8 percentage points to 76 percent. The strong performance occurred despite weakness in regional trade activity during recent months. European carriers saw demand increase by 5.9 percent. Growth has been robust despite Europe’s economic woes; however a further worsening of the Greek financial crisis could bring this positive trend under significant pressure. Capacity climbed 4.1 percent and load factor rose 1.4 percentage points to 81.6 percent, highest among the regions. North American airlines’ traffic rose 2 percent compared to May a year ago, which was an improvement on the April rise of 0.7 percent. Capacity climbed 4.2 and load factor fell 1.7 percentage points to 81.1 percent. Middle East carriers’ May demand soared 14 percent over the same month in 2014. Markit’s measures of business activity in non-oil sectors continue to show improvement and point to strong growth. The result also could reflect some additional travel prior to the arrival of the month-long Ramadan period that began in June. Latin American airlines experienced a 7.4 percent rise in traffic compared to May 2014. Capacity climbed 6.8 percent and load factor rose 0.4 percentage points to 80.2 percent. Regional trade volumes have continued to improve, which has provided a boost to business related international travel despite weakness in Argentina and Brazil. African airlines’ traffic fell 3.9 percent in May year-to-year, most likely owing to adverse economic developments in parts of the continent, including Nigeria, Africa’s largest economy, which relies heavily on oil revenues. Capacity dropped faster than demand, slipping 4.9 percent; with the result that load factor improved 0.7 percentage points to 64.6 percent. Domestic travel demand rose 6.6 percent in May compared to May 2014, with the strongest growth occurring in India and China. Domestic capacity was up 6.2 percent, and load factor improved 0.3 percentage points to 81 percent. India’s domestic demand accelerated 18.2 percent in May compared to May 2014 likely owing to market stimulation by local carriers as well as notable improvements in economic growth. China domestic traffic climbed 12.7 percent year-over-year. Although GDP growth slowed slightly in the first quarter compared to the fourth quarter of 2014, this does not appear to have caused a weakening in air travel demand.