Parcel volume grew by 17.7% in 2019: Pitney Bowes report
More than three of every five parcels shipped in the world’s major markets are generated by China.
Pitney Bowes Inc., a global technology company that provides commerce solutions in the areas of ecommerce, shipping, mailing, data and financial services has released the latest Pitney Bowes Parcel Shipping Index. The annual report found that global parcel volume surpassed 100 billion in 2019, reaching 103 billion.
More than three of every five parcels shipped in the world’s major markets are generated by China. Over 3000 parcels were shipped every second in 2019 in the world’s 13 major markets. The report forecasts parcel volume is most likely to more than double and reach 220-262 billion parcels by 2026, with a 14.8 per cent CAGR for 2020-2024. Due to the uncertainty in the market fueled by the global pandemic, the forecast provides a range that shows volumes could be as low as 200 billion or as high as 316 billion parcels in six years.
The Pitney Bowes Parcel Shipping Index measures volume and spend for business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-business and consumer-consigned shipments with weight up to 31.5 kilos (70 lbs.) in the 13 markets, representing 3.8 billion people in the US, Canada, Brazil, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, China, Japan, Australia and India. Based on proprietary and published data, the Index has become a valued industry benchmark and a reliable source of accurate forecasting since the inaugural report in 2015.
17.7 percent growth in parcel volume in 2019 with 3,248 parcels shipped every second
The latest report reveals growth of 17.7 per cent in 2019, in line with the 17-28 per cent growth projection range given in previous Parcel Shipping Index reports. On average, 3,248 parcels were shipped every second in 2019 in the world’s 13 major markets, equating to an average of 27 parcels shipped per person. China remains the strongest influence on the market with 63.5 billion parcels shipped in 2019 and an increase of 26 per cent in parcel volume year-over-year. Excluding China, parcel volume increased by 6.7 per cent, from 37 billion in 2018 (including Amazon Logistics volume in the US) to 39 billion in 2019. Global parcel revenue increased by 9 per cent year-over-year from $323 billion in 2018 to $351 billion in 2019, at a CAGR of 11 per cent during 2013-19.
While all countries except Japan saw steady growth in parcel volume, the impact of emerging and maturing ecommerce markets is reflected in the figures. Norway’s percentage increase in parcel volume is second only to China’s, with the European country shipping 80 million parcels compared to the previous year’s 60 million - an increase of 24 per cent. India has the third highest percentage increase after China and Norway, experiencing growth of 19 per cent in parcel volume, shipping 2.8 billion parcels and reaching a CAGR of 22 per cent since 2013.
All markets reported an increase in carrier revenue growth year-over-year, with the exception of Germany which saw a slight decline of -0.2 per cent, largely driven by currency exchange rates as carrier revenue growth in Euros in Germany was positive at 5.2 per cent As parcel volumes rise, carriers continue to find innovative ways to expand their networks and improve the customer experience, in increasingly competitive markets.
Since the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic and complete lockdown during March till May 2020, the Indian e-commerce and parcel delivery sectors were severely hit as the government allowed e-commerce companies to fulfill only essential orders such as groceries, medicines etc. In mid of May, the Indian government allowed the firms to resume full operations, which led to a surge in volume which will be reflected in next year’s index.
The report highlights that the Indian parcel volume is growing significantly and has reached 3 billion, experiencing YoY growth of 19 per cent. Indian E-commerce sector is growing significantly and has witnessed a growth rate of 31.9 per cent in 2019 to reach $42 billion. This growth is majorly fueled by the increased penetration of smartphones and internet services in Tier 2 and 3 cities, introduction of cash-on-delivery, easy return policies, and faster delivery options. Retailers like Amazon, Alibaba, Walmart and international carriers like DHL, FedEx are expanding their operations and investing in innovations to meet the growing parcel deliveries.
Amazon Transportation Pvt Ltd parcel volume delivery grew by 54.5 per cent YoY in 2019 and replaced BlueDart as the second largest carrier in 2019. Recently, Amazon announced that it is planning to add five new sortation centers and expand the existing eight sortation centers in the country. With this expansion the company aims to strengthen its delivery speed and connectivity of customers and sellers. In January 2020, Amazon India announced its plan to deploy 10,000 EVs (electronic vehicles) by 2025, as an integral milestone to become an energy efficient courier.
Indian carriers are also investing significantly to expand their transportation network. Last year, Ekart, the logistics arm of ecommerce giant, Flipkart, announced to replace nearly 40 per cent of its last-mile delivery fleet with EVs. The company is working with local partners to co-design EVs best suited for the growing e-commerce industry. Flipkart had announced its minority investment in Shadowfax (India-based on-demand logistics network provider), to enhance the former’s local delivery capability alongside reducing delivery time and enhancing customer experience.
Paytm Mall on the other hand is said to be planning to launch a single-day delivery pilot with its existing delivery partners and Gati. Delhivery (India-based logistics company) announced investment up to INR 3 billion to expand its trucking infrastructure such as increasing fleet size and setting up trucking hubs in the next two years.
Key Shipping Index Findings by Region
Americas (United States, Brazil, Canada)
United States generated $130 billion revenue in parcel revenue, the highest of all 13 countries studied and an increase of 11 per cent year-over-year. The market shipped 14.7 billion parcels, up from 13.2 billion in 2018. Amazon Logistics volume is included in both years, having delivered 1.9 billion packages in the US alone through its in-house delivery network, with a CAGR forecasted at 22 percent to 2023. Brazil’s parcel volume grew 15 per cent year-over-year, with volume reaching 850 million parcels – an average CAGR from 2014-19 of 10.5 per cent. Canada’s parcel shipments reached 1.1 billion, up 8 per cent from the year prior
Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Sweden and United Kingdom)
France saw parcel volumes reach 1.34 billion and a CAGR of 5 per cent from 2013-19. Germany generated 3.7 billion parcel shipments in 2019. Germany has the largest B2B sector in Europe, comprising around 65 per cent of its overall market value. It was the only market where revenue in USD declined, by a marginal -0.2 per cent year-over-year. Italy reached 990 million parcels shipped in 2019, 15 per cent growth since the previous year. Norway saw parcel volumes increase by 24 per cent since 2018. Parcel shipments reached 80 million and revenue increased by 20.5 per cent year-over-year. Sweden saw 6.2 per cent growth in parcel volumes since the previous year, reaching 135 million in 2019. United Kingdom parcel shipments generated $16.1 billion in revenue and reached 3.8 billion parcels, a 7 per cent increase in both parcel volume and revenue since 2018
Asia Pacific (Australia, China, India, Japan)
Australia shipped 934 million parcels, an increase of 8 per cent year over year. China’s parcel volume reached 63.5 billion in 2019, up from 51 billion in 2018 and 40 billion in 2017. India’s parcel volumes have increased steadily since 2013 to 2.8 billion, with a CAGR since 2013 of 22 per cent – one of the highest rates of volume growth in the Index. Japan’s parcel volume, 9 billion, declined by 3 per cent from the previous year. Revenue increased by 5 per cent to $31.5 billion.