Global shipping volume on track to surpass 100 billion parcels in 2020: Pitney Bowes
Oct 11, 2019: Worldwide parcel deliveries is likely to hit 200 billion a year by 2025, more than doubling 2018 figures, with business-to-consumer (B2C) and business-to-business (B2B) shipping expected to show healthy gains, according to Pitney Bowes global parcel index released on October 10.
Global shipping volume is expected to surpass 100 billion parcels by the end of 2020 across the 13 countries that were surveyed, Pitney said. China remained the volume leader last year, handling 51 billion parcels domestically and internationally, four times that of the United States. From 2013 to 2018, China’s parcel volume grew by 41 percent compounded annually, though the pace of growth has slowed somewhat in the past year or two.
The Pitney Bowes Parcel Shipping Index measures both volume and spend for business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-business and consumer consigned shipments with weight up to 31.5 kg (70 lbs) in 13 major markets, representing 3.7 billion people - US, Canada, Brazil, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, China, Japan, Australia and India. Based on proprietary and published data, the Index has been compiled annually since 2015, and has become a valued industry benchmark.
The latest report reveals growth of 17 percent in 2018, in line with the 17-28 percent growth projection range given in previous Parcel Shipping Index reports. On average in 2018, there were 23 parcels shipped per person in the 13 major markets in 2018, and 2760 parcels shipped every second. Global shipping volume remains on track to surpass 100 billion parcels in 2020 in aggregate across the 13 countries reviewed. China remains the strongest influence on the market with 51 billion parcels shipped in 2018. Excluding China, parcel volume increased by 6 percent, from 34 billion in 2017 to 36 billion in 2018. Global parcel revenue remains strong, reaching $317billion – up 13 percent since the previous year.
Key findings include:
China’s parcel industry volumes achieved CAGR of 41 percent from 2013-2018. Volume grew 26 percent year-over-year although this growth has declined from the 48-61 percent growth seen from 2012-16. United States ranks highest in the Index for parcel shipping revenue at $119bn. Brazil sees the second highest year-over-year growth rate in the Index with a 25 percent increase in year-over-year parcel volume from 2017-18. India is experiencing CAGR of 25 percent in parcel volume 2013-18 and year-over-year growth of 21 percent. China continues to exert its influence on the global parcel shipping market. In 2018, it extended its global lead in parcel volume, with 26 percent year-over-year growth and a CAGR of 41 percent from 2013-18. At 51 billion, its parcel volume is more than four times that of the United States which stands at 13 billion. However, the United States’ parcel revenues - at $119.bn - remain higher than China’s parcel revenues of $91bn.
Jason Dies, EVP and Vice President Sending Technology Solutions, Pitney Bowes said, “Global parcel revenues continue to benefit from the explosive impact of ecommerce, but it isn’t just online shoppers boosting the industry. We know from our clients’ own behaviors that office sending is increasing, particularly in industries such as IT, Healthcare and Manufacturing. Carriers are trialing new and exciting strategies to deliver the best customer experience, to keep costs down, boost productivity and generate profitability, such as forming partnerships, designing next-generation sending technologies and developing last mile innovation.”
While all countries except Japan saw steady growth in parcel volume, the impact of emerging ecommerce markets such as Brazil and India is strongly evident in the figures. Brazil’s year-over- year percentage growth in parcel volume reached 25 percent in 2018 – second only to China – as 738m parcels were shipped. This growth comes despite the economic slowdown in Brazil, as ecommerce and logistics partnerships help shift the market.
India also experienced high growth in parcel volumes in 2018, up 21 percent year-over-year to 2.5bn, and revenues achieving CAGR of 20 percent, boosted by rapid growth in its ecommerce market, higher levels of disposable income and increased internet penetration.
Complementing the Shipping Index, Pitney Bowes carried out separate research on its clients’ sending patterns and behaviors to identify key trends across different industries. The research found sustained growth in Enterprise sending, primarily office shipping, across several different industries. Shipping volume generated by the IT industry is forecast to grow at 7.5 percent CAGR to 2023, with Wholesale B2C rising at the same CAGR of 7.5 percent to 2023. Manufacturing shipping volume is expected to grow at 6.5 percent CAGR, and the Healthcare industry at 3.7 percent, also to 2023.
Shipping index topline trends across countries
China’s parcel volume quadruples that of United States: China (51 billion), the United States (13 billion), and Japan (9 billion) represented the top three countries for parcel shipping volume. Collectively, China, US, and Japan represented 83 percent of global parcel volume in 2018.
United States Tops Shipping Revenue: The United States ranks highest in parcel shipping revenue at $119 billion. China ($91 billion) and Japan ($30 billion) follow. Japanese Parcel Volume is Declining but Revenue Increased: Revenues generated by parcel shipments in Japan currently stand in the top three of all 13 markets studied, despite a slight decline in parcel volume.
Key Findings by Region
Americas (Brazil, Canada, United States)
Parcel volume grew 25 percent in Brazil year-over-year, with volume reaching 738 million parcels – an average CAGR from 2014-18 of 12.3 percent. Canada, parcel shipments reached 1.1 billion, up 3 percent from the year prior. United States generated $119bn revenue in parcel revenue, the highest of all 13 countries studied and an increase of 8 percent year-over-year. The market shipped 13billion parcels, up from 12billion in 2017.
Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Sweden and United Kingdom)
France saw parcel volumes reaching 1.3 billion and CAGR of 5 percent from 2013-18. Germany generated 3.5billion parcel shipments in 2018. Germany has the largest B2B sector in Europe, comprising around 65 percent of its overall market. Italy 865 million parcels were shipped in 2018, 10 percent growth since the previous year. Norway saw parcel volumes increase by 9 percent since 2017. Parcel shipments reached 61 million. Sweden saw 12.5 percent growth in parcel volumes since the previous year, reaching 127 million in 2018. Parcel shipments in United Kingdom generated $15.1 billion in revenue.
Asia Pacific (Australia, China, India, Japan)
Australia shipped 864 million parcels, an increase of more than 10 percent year over year. China’s parcel volume reached 51 billion in 2018, up from 40 billion in 2017. Parcel volumes in India have increased steadily since 2013 to 2.5bn, with CAGR since 2013 of 25 percent – the third highest rate of volume growth in the Index. Japan’s parcel shipments by volume, at 9 billion, declined by 2 percent from the previous year. Revenue increased by 13 percent, to $30 billion.